If someone becomes confused and appears out of touch with everyone else’s perception of the world, they may be experiencing a psychotic episode.  They may:

  • Have hallucinationsKYSS-psychosis
  • Strange and disorganised thinking
  • Experience paranoia
  • May appear quite flat
  • Hearing voices that may not be heard by anybody else
  • Strange and disorganised behaviour
  • Have false beliefs known as delusions
  • Have difficulty speaking

Some drugs such as hallucinogens, marijuana and amphetamines may trigger a psychotic episode.  Treatment of psychosis usually involves medication, and if someone is experiencing a psychotic episode, it is important they seek help from a doctor, a psychiatrist or from a clinical psychologist.



Schizophrenia is a serious mental illness characterised by disturbances in a persons thoughts, perceptions, emotions and behaviour.  It affects approximately one in every hundred people worldwide.  There are a number of signs and symptoms.  They are divided into two groups: ‘active symptoms’ that reflect new or unusual forms of thought and behaviours such as delusions, and ‘passive symptoms’ which reflect a person’s loss of previous feelings and abilities.

If you are concerned that you or someone you know may be experiencing some of the above symptoms, contact your GP or school counsellor.

For more information, see the following links:


Mental health Ireland

01 284 1166

Reach out

Aware Ireland

1800 804848